Nowadays people around the world travel from place to place by using automobiles.
Without automobiles, our lives would be completely changed and different.
Did you ever think when and by whom the first Automobile was invented ??
United States is the leading producer of automobiles and is often called the “Nation On Wheels.”
Steam and Electricity Powered vehicles (1700s -1800s)
Very first cars were powered by steam engines,in early 1700s.
steam carriages annoyed people very much by being noisy, dirty, and by frightening horses.
It was Karl Benz in 1865 who invented the first gas-powered car.
It marked the beginning of vehicular evolution in America.
The first automobiles actually ran on steam and electricity.
In the late 1700s, first vehicles were developed. those vehicles were powered by steam.
In the early 1800s inventors began to invent electric-powered buggies.
In the late 1800s William Durant was the co-founder of Durant,-Dort Carriage Company.
High number of horse drawn carts and carriages were produced in that company.
William Morrison built the first electric car in the U.S
Electric cars were popular in U.S because they were easy to start than steam and gas combustion engines.
The general design of modern automobiles was developed in France. Emile Levassor and Rene Panhard built their first cars in 1890 using a Daimler engine.
In 1898,Ferdinand Porsche created the first hybrid vehicle powered by electricity and gas.
Gas-Powered Cars (1890s – 1930s)
At the beginning of the 20th century, Henry Ford took over the automobile industry. He was succeeded to invent the Model T and the assembly line in 1908.
These two innovations led to the change of American society .
Ford,General Motors, Chrysler emerged as the three big auto companies bythe 1920s.
During the 1920’s it was a race between Ford and GM. They were the leading producers of cars at 1920s.
By 1937, GM was producing about 35% of the worlds automobiles.
When were cars invented ??
Gottlied Wilhelm Daimler and Wilhely Maybach were able to invent the first modern motor car in 1901 which could reach a maximum speed of 53 miles per hour
What happened to Auto Industry during World war 2
During world war 1, the automobile industry had played a critical role in producing military items and military vehicles.
During World War 2 production of cars for civilians almost halted because the factories were being used for military supplies.
Rise of Japanese Automobile
Japan took steps to invent more functional and fuel-efficient cars.
Sales of American made cars gradually declined and this made Japan become the world ‘s higher automobile producer.
- In 1920- Automobile became the lifeblood of the petroleum industry .
- In 1939- invented the first car with electric windows and air conditioning.
- In 1951 – with power steering
- In 1957- cruise control
- In 1959- Three point seat belts
- In 1966 -heated seats
- In 1973- Oldsmobile installed the first passenger airbag into their “Ternado ” model.
In the late 80’s and early 90’s keyless entry systems,electric doors and windows ,CD players began to be standard features.
Modern Vehicle features
Modern cars are with Bluetooth, hard drives, advanced safety systems, GPS, and WiFi.
Automobiles changed the way people traveled and lived. Without cars, there would be no drive-ins, fast food restaurants, and shopping centers.